Why Is IVF Used?
IVF treatment is done to treat infertility in patients with the following:
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Women with ovulation disorders, uterine fibroid, premature ovarian failure
- Male factor infertility, including reduced sperm count or sperm motility
- Individuals with a genetic disorder
- Women who have their fallopian tubes removed
- Unexplained infertility
What Are The Steps Involved In The IVF Procedure In Chennai?
There are five necessary steps in the transfer process of IVF and embryo.
Step 1: Fertility medications are given to stimulate egg production. Several eggs are desired as some eggs do not develop or fertilize after retrieval. A transvaginal ultrasound is done to examine the ovaries, and blood test samples are taken to study the hormone levels.
Step 2: Eggs are retrieved through a very small surgical procedure that uses ultrasound imaging to pass a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to remove the eggs. Medication is provided to decrease and eliminate potential discomfort.
Step 3: The male has to produce a sample of their sperm, which is prepared for combining with the eggs.
Step 4: In a process known as insemination, the eggs, and the sperm are mixed and kept in a laboratory dish to encourage fertilization. In some places where there is a lower probability of fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used. Through this procedure, an attempt is made by injecting a single sperm directly into the egg to achieve fertilization. The eggs are observed to confirm that both fertilization and cell division are taking place. Once that occurs, the fertilized eggs are considered embryos.
Step 5: The embryos are generally transferred into the woman’s uterus after three to five days of egg retrieval and fertilization. A catheter or small tube is put into the uterus to transfer the embryos. This procedure is painless for most women. However, some may experience mild cramps. If the procedure is successful, implantation mostly occurs around six to ten days following the egg retrieval process.
What Are The Side Effects Of IVF?
After the treatment, it is best for some women to take rest and involve in minimum engagement. However, some can resume their normal activities and carry on as usual. The side effects of IVF are:
- Mild bloating
- Passing a small amount of clear or blood-tinged fluid after the procedure
- Mild cramping
- Breast tenderness
- Rush to the doctor immediately if you experience any of the below symptoms:
- Blood in the urine
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain
- A fever over 38 °C
There are some side effects of the medicine that you take prescribed by the doctor. They mostly include the following.
- Mood swings
- Hot flashes
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal bloating
- Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) – this is an infrequent symptom.
What Are The Risks Involved With IVF Treatment?
As with most of the medical procedures, there are potential risks involved with IVF treatment in Hyderabad. More severe symptoms, mainly from OHSS, include the following:
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea or vomiting
- Decreased urinary frequency
- Weight gain (4-5kgs) within three to five days
- Severe stomach pains and bloating
If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is advisable to contact your doctor right away.
How Successful Is In Vitro Fertilization?
The success rate of IVF procedure in Chennai depends on many factors such as reproductive history, the cause of infertility, maternal age, and lifestyle factors. It is also important to understand the fact that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates.
Also read list of INF center in India.